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This is the right time to know Muhammad (PBUH) حـان الوقت لتتعرف على محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم

Please Press the link below:                        لطفاً اضغط الرابط أدناه


Is Jesus God? A Debate

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The Qur'an Or The Bible - Which Is God's Word?

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Qur'anic Verses with greatest reward recited by most beauiful voices أعظم آيات القرآن الكريم فضلاً وأكثرها أجراً بأحلى الأصوات تلاوة

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Prince of Wales Lecture: Islam and The Environment

A speech by HRH The Prince of Wales titled Islam and the Environment, Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford

9th June 2010

Vice Chancellor, Your Royal Highnesses, Director, Ladies and Gentlemen.

It is a very great pleasure for me to be here today to help you celebrate the Oxford Centre's twenty-fifth anniversary. Whereas bits of your Patron are dropping off after the past quarter of a century, I find quite a few bits of the Centre still being added! However, I cannot tell you how encouraged I am that in addition to the Prince of Wales Fellowship, the number of fellowships you now offer continues to grow and also that this Summer you will welcome the fifth group of young people on your Young Muslim Leadership programme which is run in association with my charities. This is a vital contribution to the process of boosting the self-esteem of young Muslims – about whom I care deeply.

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Arab-Muslim Pioneers in Surgery and and their Contributions

Author: M Al Fallouji    Meeting Lecture Over-Head Presentation

 Arab_Pioneers_in_Surgery.pdf 103.54 Kb



Author: M Al Fallouji    Abstract of Lecture delivered at: Britist Society for History of Medicine, Dundee 2007

Arabic influence on English Medical terms came through many routes, namely:

1. Translation of Greek books into Arabic; 
2. Reversed translation of Arabic books into Latin during Renaissance period;
3. Islamic presence in Europe;
4. Crusaders/European presence in the Levant;
5. Trade and Commerce;
6. British empire and Muslim colonies.

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The Arabic Medical Legacy

Arab’s original scientific contributions reached a zenith in the Abbasid golden era (AD 754-1258) they dominated Europe, which at that time was sunk in its dark medieval age.  Most of the Arabic texts in medicine and surgery were then translated into Latin by translators such as Constantinus Africanus (1020-87), a Benedictine monk at Monte Casino, Italy; Gerard of Cremona (1114-87) at Toledo, Spain; and Farai Ibn Salim (Moses Farachi).  The latter was a Sicilian Jew who, at the order of the King Charles of Anjou in 1279, under took the ardous assignment of translating Rhazes ‘ Liber Continens (23 volumes).

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            In operative surgery, Arabs proposed five essentials for performing a successful operation: a knowledge of anatomy, a knowledge of infection and its prevention (antisepsis), anaesthetics to kill pain, methods for controlling bleeding (haemostasis). And proper instruments for surgical invention.

1.                  Anatomy- The work of Yuhannah Ibn Masawayh on animals won the admiration of Caliph Al-Mutasim around ‘AD 830, who was interested that he made a special dissection hall available for Yuhannah’s use on the Tigris river bank and provided him with apes specially brought for him from Nubia in Africa.  Furthermore, Avenzoar performed the first experimental tracheostomy on a goat and noticed that it was alive many days after the procedure.  Dead animals were extensively used by Avicenna, Rhazes and Ibn Tufail for experimental work.  The story of Hai Ibn Yakthan, written by Ibn Tufail before 1185 AD, was a scientific masterpiece.  It concerned a baby on an island where he was adopted by a deer which had lost its own young.  The boy grew up among the animals and was shocked when his adopting ‘mother” died.  He then dissected the deer’s body.  The anatomical description of the dissected animal Ibn Tufails immense knowledge.  The story was translated into Latin as Philosophus Autodidacs by Mirandola (1494 AD) and Pocock (1671 AD) and Pocock (1671 AD) and appeared in many languages.  Both Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Dofoe and Tarzan by Edgar Rice Burroughs were corruptions of the Hai Ibn Yakthan story.

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The term encompass all Arabic-speaking Muslim (non-Arab), Arab (non-Muslim) and Arab Muslim practitioners who flourished in the Islamic Caliphate (Empire) extending mainly in the “Middle East”  and including parts of Persia, Asia, North Africa, and the Iberian Peninsula.  Their practice is referred to variously as Arabic medicine or Islamic medicine.  In those days, the borderline between surgery and medicine was usually non-existent; thus a physician might practice surgery or vice versa.  Perhaps, the most important Arab contribution was the foundation of surgical practice on a solid scientific basis relying heavily on personal observations, clinical studies as well as animal experimentation; they condemned superstitions and ill-practices based on mal-experience.

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