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Linguistic Legacy of Scientific Racism (or Social Darwinism)

The so-called Scientific Racism had deeply influenced the English and the European (especially Spanish) languages and provided their vocabulary with an array of shameful illegal words, so appalling to the extent that the present Europe tries to consider them obsolete and to sweep that particular history (attached to such words) under the carpet, under the legal influence of European Convention on Human Rights (drafted in 1950 and entered into force on 3 September 1953) and British Human Rights Act 1998 that provide the fundamental rights and freedoms, including: the right to life; freedom from torture and degrading treatment; freedom from slavery and forced labour; freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and freedom to express your beliefs; and the right to liberty.

The American Professor Ward Churchill in his book “A Little Matter of Genocide – Holocaust and Denial in the Americas 1492 to the Present” (published by City Lights Books, San Francisco, 1997) explained on pages 107-108, that colonial regimes throughout South and Central America, as well as Mexico and the south-western portion of the present-day United States, settled in to consolidating the New Order within their domains in accordance with rigid and often elaborate racial codes.  Alexis de Tocqueville quoted: (This man born in degradation, this stranger brought by slavery into our midst, is hardly recognized as sharing the common features of humanity.  His face appears to us hideous, his intelligence limited, and his tastes low; we almost take him to be some intermediary between man and beast).  In a portion of one code, effective in 18th century New Spain, which is illustrative of all such lists compiled in Iberian-occupied America [illustrating the hierarchy of mixtures caste s or  Casta, starting from the 3 pure original races in America: Caucasian white European, Black African, and Amerindian]:

  1. Spaniard (Espanol) and Indian [Amerindian] beget Mestizo
  2. Mestizo [or Mestiza woman] and Spanish (Espanola or Esapanol) beget Castizo
  3. Castizo woman [or man] and Spaniard [Espanol or Espanola] beget Spaniard
  4. Spanish woman [or man] and Negro [man or woman] beget Mulatto
  5. Spaniard [or woman] and mulatto woman [or man] beget Morisco
  6. Morisco woman and Spaniard beget Albino (or Chino)  
  7. Spaniard and albino woman beget Torna atras
  8. Indian [Amerindian] and torna atras woman beget Lobo [Sambo or Zambo]
  9. Lobo and Indian [Amerindian] woman beget Zambiago
  10. Zambiago and Indian [Amerindian] woman beget Cambujo
  11. Cambujo and Mulatto beget Albarazado
  12. Albarazado and Mulatto beget barcino
  13. Barcino and Mulatto beget Coyote (literally, means North American wolf)
  14. Coyote woman and Indian[Amerindian] beget Chamiso
  15. Chamiso woman and Mestizo beget Coyote Mestizo
  16. Coyote Mestizo and Mulatto woman beget Ahi te estas

In colonial Mexico, further complex pattern of social "racial" structure complete this shameful nomenclature (originally from the work of Nicolas Leon, 1924, Las Castas Mestizaje Del Mexico Colonial o Nueva España, quoted in M.D. Olien, 1973, Latin Americans: Contemporary Peoples and Their Cultural Traditions, pp. 94):

  1.    Morisco man and Espanola beget Chino.
  2.    Chino man with Indian [Amerindian] woman beget Salta atras.
  3.    Salta atrás and Mulatto woman beget Lobo (literally, means wolf from lupus).
  4.    Lobo man and Chino woman beget Jíbaro (or Gibaro)
  5.    Jíbaro man and Mulata woman beget Albarazado.
  6.    Albarazado man and Negra woman beget Cambujo.
  7.    Cambujo man and Indian woman beget Sambaigo (or Zambiago).
  8.    Sambaigo man and Loba woman beget Calpamulato.
  9.    Calpamulato man and Cambuja woman beget Tente en el aire.
  10.  Tente en el aire man and Mulata woman beget  No te entiendo.
  11.  No te entiendo man and India woman beget Torna atras.

Indians were placed on the very bottom rung of these hierarchies, and were in many cases defined virtually out of existence.  This attitude represents an extreme European obsessive-compulsive behaviour towards the non-Europeans. 

Today, the overt caste systems have been overturned by legislation, but the social prejudices and economic exploitation continue unabated.  Even though overt racial oppression is no longer permissible by law, people may still hold personal opinions about members of other races based upon preconceived ideas.   In 1976, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) conducted a study to stratify people on racial basis; they ask people to identify their own skin colour, resulting in 134 terms, listed in alphabetical order.

(Retrieved from the 'Introduction to Paradise Dictionary' by Prof Dr M Al-Fallouji, Chapter 3: Racism between two Languages - A Critical Review)

 
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