About Us

IHAMS (Institute for History of Arab-Islamic Medicine and Sciences) 

is a Charitable Bi-Lingual (Anglo-Arabic) Educational Organisation based in London, dedicated to the History of Arab-Islamic Medicine and Sciences and their influence on our current Medical practice and Science.

It is the preferred site for all intelligentsia (i.e. the social class of people engaged in complex mental and creative labour directed to the development and dissemination of culture), encompassing the broad-spectrum of intellectuals, doctors, historians, academics, and other related professionals such as teachers and artists.

What is meant by Arab-Islamic Sciences

Please See the Mission Statement.


Professor Dr Mohannad Al-Fallouji (Director of IHAMS) - A Profile


Mohannad Al-Fallouji, PhD (London), FRCS (Glas), FRCS (Ed), FRCSI, PDLaw

                                         LRCP (Ed), LRCS (Ed), LRCPS (Glas), MB ChB (Bag)

Ranked First at his MB, ChB Basic Graduation year 1976 amongst 300 graduates. Holder of Triple Scottish Qualifications 1980.

Trained in Hammersmith Hospital/Royal Postgraduate Medical School (London) as a Registrar and Clinical Research Fellow. 

Holder of LIPHA Clinical Research Fellowship Grant.

Senior Registrar in Belfast Teaching Hospitals (considered Best Trauma centres in Europe).

Consultant Colorectal/Laparoscopic Surgeon in UK.

Instructor ATLS (Advanced Trauma Life Support) since 2006

Examiner in Surgery - Final Part FRCSI,

Examiner in Arab Boards in Surgery (ABS) in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), and in Damascus (Syria).  Examiner in clinical surgery for final year medical students in U.K. and abroad.

Accredited College Trainer in ‘Basic Surgical Skills’ courses.

Advanced Trainer: selected for Royal College of Surgeons of England “Training the Trainers”.

Organiser of many regional FRCS Courses both in UK and Overseas.

One of the First 75 UK Laparoscopic Trainers at MATTU (Minimal Access Therapy Training Unit), Royal College of Surgeons of England (England at London)

Faculty member of PasTest Courses in Surgery (UK)

Award of Hospital Doctor of the year 1997 in UK (Certificate of Merit Award)

Holder of Postgraduate Diploma in Law (part-timer) from University of Huddersfield (UK).

NEBSM Certificate: National Examinations Board in Supervisory Management

Selected within the British Team (led by the Dean Professor Iain McAllan Ledingham) to be the Founders of Al-Ain Medical School (UAE), Appointed Assistant Professor in UAE, then based on merits, I was promoted to the Chair of Professor of Surgery in 1993, a title he retained ever since.

Prize of the Emirate Medical Association for best paper published in UAE for year 1992 entitled:

           Al-Fallouji: “The First Laparoscopic Appendicectomy in the United Arab Emirates. Emirates Medical Journal August 1992;10:157-60

Heavily involved in surgical training, clinical teaching, and academic research work.

Renowned Author of 3 international textbooks in Surgery, which contributed to success of many generations of surgeons in UK, overseas, and in Arab World, while in pursuit of their postgraduate diploma examinations in surgery (Books are also used as references to many surgical articles, clinical audits, and guidelines -All books are still available on requests from or

      9780750615914     1409261

1.  Al-Fallouji M A R and McBrien M P (Forwarded by Professor L H Blumgart)

     “POSTGRADUATE SURGERY – The Candidate’s Guide”.

     Butterworth Heinemann Medical Books.  Oxford. 

     First Edition, October 1986 (Reprinted 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1993 and 1994).

     246 x 189 mm Limp illustrated 400 p (ISBN 0-433-10130-X).

2.    Al-Fallouji M A R (Foreword by Professor M McMahon)

     “POSTGRADUATE SRUGERY – The Candidate’s Guide”.

     Butterworth  Heinemann Medical Books.  Oxford. [Taken-over now by Arnold, London]

     Second Edition Fully Revised and Updated (March 1998) reprinted 200, 2002.

     Hardback Highly illustrated 624 pp (ISBN 0 7506 1591 5).

International Reviews:

This book is an outstanding companion for all Specialty Registrars in their journey to specialisation and Intercollegiate FRCS Examinations, the main practical guide for all Surgeons-in-Training and principal mini-textbook for all Basic Surgical Trainees in their preparation for MRCS/AFRCS examinations. *New exam regulations for British Colleges of Surgeons (includes requirements of international boards) * Many new topics included, e.g. metabolic response to trauma, minimally invasive surgery, day surgery, audit, high risk patients and risk scoring *Full section on current surgical training and accreditation in general surgery and its sub-specialties Reviews of first edition: 'This enterprising new book is unashamedly designed to assist the candidate to pass the Final FRCS...      ' Annuals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. '

...a well researched and comprehensive guide to the final fellowship examinations...facts mixed with a good common sense guidance...                                                                                    ' British Journal of Surgery’.

2nd ed, edited by M. A. R. Al-Fallouji, PhD(Lond), FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg), FRCSI, LRCP&S(Edin& Glasg), MB, ChB, 665 pp, with illus, Newton, Mass, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998.  This book, in its second edition and eighth printing, is designed as "a main revision guide and as a preferred concise mini-textbook of reference in surgery." I congratulate the editor and author of the overwhelming majority of the book on compiling an impressive survey of general surgery and related subjects. Al-Fallouji, a consultant in gastrointestinal surgery in the United Kingdom, has tailored the text for use by physicians preparing for the board examination administered by the Royal Colleges of Surgeons (England, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Ireland, Australasia, and Canada). Beginning with a section on surgical training in the United Kingdom and Europe, the reader is provided ample background information regarding the structure of foreign training programs, their educational goals, and what information a well-trained surgeon is reasonably expected.                                                   Arch Surg. 1998;133:1134.

Postgraduate surgery: the candidate's guide, 2nd edn, Mar Al-Fallouji, pp 665, illus. Butterworth Heinemann, 1998. £75.00, hardback This textbook is intended primarily as a revision aid for surgeons preparing for the MRCS/ FRCS exams. This book is already very popular with trainee surgeons because of its short notes and factual content on most of the key points in various core specialties of surgery. This makes it rather heavy going, as the author has attempted to cover most aspects … (Reviewed by S A WHITE, & M L NICHOLSON Department of Surgery, Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK)                 Postgrad Med J 1999;75:255 doi:10.1136/pgmj.75.882.255a  - Book review

3.  Al-Fallouji M A R (Foreword by Professor Sir Miles Irving)


     Butterworth, Heinemann Medical Books, Oxford.

     First Edition, September 1992.  246 x 189-mm Hard paper back,

     Highly illustrated 300 99 (ISBN 0-7506-0303-8).


4. Al-Fallouji M A R:

 "PARADISE DICTIONARY" (in 2 languages: Arabic & English),

FIRST Dictionary in the world for English words, medical terms, and scientific phrases of Arabic Origin (Etymology) printed in 1600 pages in 2 volumes (each contains 800 pages). Obeikan Publishers, 2012, Hardback illustrated, Riyadh. ISBN ٩٧٨–٩٩٦٠–٥٤–٧٨٤–٨


 (معجم الفردوس (باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية


أول قاموس في العالم للكلمات الإنجليزية، والمصطلحات الطبية، والعبارات العلمية ذوات الأصول العربية في مجلدين 1600 صفحة (كل مجلد يحوي 800 صفحة).

العبيكان للطباعة والنشر، عام 2012، غلاف مقوّى بالصور الإيضاحية. ردمك ٩٧٨–٩٩٦٠–٥٤–٧٨٤–٨


For International Praise please see:



5. Al-Fallouji: PhD THESIS:


An applied Anatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology at the Microcirculation Level.


December 1988. Royal Postgraduate Medical School/Hammersmith Hospital




Also, Author of more than 100 papers spread between peer-reviewed articles published in indexed Refereed Journals (majority), chapters in books, book reviews, and published abstracts of International Meetings. In addition to many international you-tubes videos (on internet - search Google under:  معجم الفردوس )

Pioneer of many clinical inventions/innovations with indelible legacy in Surgery:

Pioneer of Surgical Anatomy of Colorectal Blood Supply:

1.    Al-Fallouji and R E B Tagart: Surgical Anatomy of Colonic Intramural Blood Supply

                                               and its Influence on Colorectal Anastomosis.

     Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh December 1985; 31:6: 380-385

2.    Al-Fallouji:  The Surgical Anatomy of the Colorectal Intramural Blood Supply.

                      Vascular Surgery December 1984; 18:6:364-371   

This work is widely quoted and referred to Worldwide:  

* Current Diagnosis & Treatment Surgery 13th edition 2010.  By Gerard M. Doherty. See Page 648 of 1300 pages of the Textbook.

* The spatial arrangement of the human large intestinal wall blood circulation

David Kachlik, Vaclav Bacam,  Josef  Stingl. Journal of Anatomy Vol 216, issue 3, pages 335–343, March 2010

* The corrosion casts and scanning electron microscopy as a basic scientific method for clinical medical research. By Kachlík, D., Stingl, J., Minnich, B and Lametschwandtner, A (Department of Anatomy, Charles University in Prague, Czech republic. Vascular and Muscle Research Unit, Department of Organismic Biology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria).   Proceedings – Advances in Vascular Casting Aug 2007

Original work on Human Bites had redefined the human bite spectrum:

1.      Al-Fallouji:  Traumatic Love Bites. British Journal of Surgery January 1990; 77:100-101

2.      Al-Fallouji:  Jaw Spasm may turn a Kiss into Trauma. Physician’s Weekly April 1990; VII, 14:1

This work is now the most widely quoted and referred to Worldwide:

* Harrison's Internal Medicine, 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.  CHAPTER e24

     Infectious Complications of Bites by Lawrence C. Madoff & Florencia Pereyra,  pages 24-1 to 24-4

* Primary Care Medicine: Office Evaluation and Management of the Adult Patient.

     By Allan H. Goroll, Albert G. Mulley. 6th Edition .  2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

     See Chapter 196:  Management of Skin Trauma: Bites and Burns.  Part 1: Animal and Human Bites by Ellie J. C. Goldstein

     Referring to my article as Fallouji MA. Traumatic love bites. Br J Surg 1990;77:100. (The underreported problem of “love” bites.)

* Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases by Gerald L. Mandell, MD, MACP. 2010 Elsevier> See Chapter 319: Bites (under References)

* Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. See CHAPTER 259: HUMAN BITES  

* Coital emergencies (by Ashis Baneriee).  Postgrad Med J 1996; 72: 653-656  The Fellowship of Postgraduate Medicine, 1996


Pioneer of Modified Alvarado Score in prediction of acute appendicitis. The score is now used internationally.  It sorts out 13% of patients without Appendicitis to go home with instructions, without the need for unnecessary hospitalization.

1.    Al-Fallouji M and Bengezi O : Modified Alvarado Score in Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis.  (May 1997). Annual Meeting of Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland Bournmouth, ENGLAND

2.    Bengezi O A and Al-Fallouji M:  Modified Alvarado Score in Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis.  Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland. British Journal of Surgery May 1997; vol. 84, supplement 1: 30.

3.    O. Bengezi and M. Al-Fallouji.  In Postgraduate Surgery, The Candidate's Guide. By M. Al-Fallouji, 2nd Ed. Oxford: Butterworth- Heinemann; 1998. Pages 388-9.

4.    Salam IM, Al-Fallouji MA, El Ashaal, et al: Early patient discharge following appendicectomy: safety and feasibility.  Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Oct 1995; 40(5): 300-302


Our Modified Alvarado Score is now the World's Gold Standard, confirmed objectively and validated independently by surgeons world-wide.  Please see:


* H.S. Saidi, BSc. (Anat), MBChB and J.A. Adwok, MMed (Surg), FRCSEd, Professor, Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676, Nairobi, Kenya   East African Medical Journal Vol. 77 No. 3 March 2000

* Fente, B.G. Echem, R.C.  Prospective Evaluation of The Bengezi and Al-Fallouji Modified Alvarado Score for Presumptive Accurate Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis in University Of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt. Niger J Med. 2009 Oct-Dec;18(4):398-401. CONCLUSION:  The Bengezi and Al-Fallouji modified Alvarado score is a simple, safe and cost effective aid in diagnosis of acute appendicitis and decreases NAR.    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


* Fast-track Packages in Colorectal Surgery: An Examination and Development of the Evidence Supporting Their Use. A thesis submitted for the degree of DOCTOR OF MEDICINE (M.D.) by Catherine Jane Walter at The University of Hull. 2008


Pioneer of  many Surgical Techniques:

A.  Extraluminal Varicose Vein Stripping with Martin endarterectomy Stripper.

                 Vascular Surgery February 1985; 19:1:19-22

B.  Extracorporeal Knots in Laparoscopic Surgery:

1.    Al-Fallouji:  Making Loops in Laparoscopic Surgery:  State of the Art

                 Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy December 1993; 3:477-481

2.    Al-Fallouji:  Letter to the Editor on extracorporeal techniques in Laparoscopic Surgery

                  Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy April 1995; 5:165

Used as one of the main references for training in EXTRACORPORIAL KNOTS IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY in:

* ‘World Laparoscopy Hospital’ (U.S.A.)

* Diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis by G. Kazemier Feb 2005  See chapter 6 of the book, page 66

* On the Origin and Evolution of the Roeder Knot and Loop-A Geometrical Review by  Hage, J. J. MD, PhD

   Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques: February 2008 - Volume 18 - Issue 1 - pp 1-7


C.  Use of long brush cytology in benign and malignant diseases of Rectum:

1.    Al-Fallouji M and Durrant D: Brush Cytology for the Diagnosis of Rectal Carcinoma

     British Journal of Surgery April 1997;84:584 Correspondence column).

2.    Al-Fallouji M, Durrant D and Andrews N: Use of Brush Cytology in Rectal Diseases.

     Association of surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland

     British Journal of Surgery May 1997; 84 supplement: 37.

3.    Al-Fallouji M and Durrant D: Cytology versus biopsy in rectal tumour diagnosis. European Council of Coloproctology/ECCP Biennial Meeting Yearbook 1997. Editors: Roger Grace and Andrew Shorthouse. Monduzzi Editore. International Proceedings Division. P 7-11

D.  Use of microwriter in clinical practice and Research.

                  Al-Fallouji: British Journal of Clinical Practice July 1985; 40:381-382 

Post-Splectomy Portal Vein Thrombosis (widely quoted):

Hassn AM, al-Fallouji FM, Ouf TI, et al. Portal vein thrombosis following splenectomy. British  Journal  of  Surgery 2000;87:367–368.

For world-wide references to article, see:

High Incidence of Thrombosis of the Portal Venous System after Laparoscopic Splenectomy - A Prospective Study With Contrast-Enhanced CT Scan.  By Masataka Ikeda, MD, PhD,* Mitsugu Sekimoto, MD, PhD,* Shuji Takiguchi, MD, et al. (Department of Surgery and Clinical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, and Suita, Japan) Ann Surg. 2005 February; 241(2): 208–216.

Thrombosis of the splenoportal axis after splenectomy by Fabrizio romano, et al.  langenbeck's archives of surgery, vol. 391, number 5, 483-488.


Pioneer on Longevity of Doctors, particularly Surgeons

1.    Al-Fallouji:    Longevity of Surgeons. (May 1998)

Annual Meeting of Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland Edinburgh (Great Britain)

2.    Al-Fallouji M, Gupta A, and Hameed S: Longevity of Surgeons.

                   Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland

                   British Journal of Surgery June 1998; 85 supplement: 58.

3.    My work:   “The Longevity of Surgeons” was selected for the Yearbook of:

           The Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland in May 1999.

This work is always under request world-wide. Since Cancer was the leading cause of death in Surgeons, as opposed to Cardio-Vascular cause in physicians’ death, Al-Fallouji invented 3 prophylactic concoctions:

 -anti-cancer soup,

 -anti-hypertensive drink, and

 -hypo-cholesterol cake  (for recipes, contact   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )


World Authority in History of Arab Surgery and Anaesthesia

I had been invited to give an invited lecture entitled ‘Arabic Influence on European Medicine’ Medicine (7th July 2004) at Thackray Museum Lectures 2004 Yorkshire Medical & Dental History Society Leeds (Great Britain)

I contributed 2 ‘Book Reviews’ to ‘Vesalius’, the official journal of International Society of History of Medicine in Vesalius IX,2,42- 44,2003  'History of Medicine in Alexandria' and 'Events, Wonders and Anecodotes in History of Medicine throughout various periods' by Dr M A Shehata (2000).

Wellcome Institute for History of Medicine (London) had included in their archives 9 Nine of my History research papers, for references, reading, and lending. My original work includes:

1.    Al-Fallouji:   History of Surgery of the Abdominal Cavity: Arabic Contributions.

(The First Large Bowel Anastomosis in the Literature)

International Surgery September 1993; 78:3:236-8

2.    Al-Fallouji:   Arabic Caesarian Section: Islamic History and Current Practice

Scottish Medical Journal February 1993; 38:3-4

3.   Al-Fallouji:   Arabs were skilled in anesthesia

British Medical Journal April 1997; 314:1128

4.    Al-Fallouji:   History of Arab Surgery. Part I:  General Considerations

Emirates Medical Journal August 1992; 10:174-7

5.    Al-Fallouji:   History of Arab Surgery. Part II:  Arab-Islamic influence on Europe

Emirates Medical Journal December 1992;10:250-4

6.    Al-Fallouji:   History of Arab Surgery. Part III:  Basic Applied Sciences in Surgery.

Emirates Medical Journal August 1993; 11:132-6

7.    Al-Fallouji:  History of Arab Surgery. Parts IV and V: Clinical Methods and Operative

Innovations. Emirates Medical Journal August 1998; 16:129-34

8.   Al-Fallouji:         Surgery (general) Item no. 537

Current Work in the History of Medicine April-June 1997, 174

An international Bibliographical Journal of references

The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine. 

9.    Al-Fallouji:    History of Laparotomy for Military Trauma according to the Original Arabic

Manuscripts. In “Proceedings of 34th International Congress of the History of Medicine” held at Glasgow, Scotland 4-8 September 1994 (published in September 1995).  British Society of the History of Medicine.

10. Al-Fallouji:    Arabic Influence on English Language in Medicine and Routes of such Linguistic

Transfer.  In “Proceedings of 36th International Congress of the History of Medicine”  held at Tunis - Carthage, 6-11 September 1998.

Extracurricular Activities: I am a keen professional Beekeeper. I invented a technique of extracting natural honey with beeswax, in large quantities, but with minimal bee-stings.

Visiting Professor to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,

Director of Institute for Arab-Islamic Medicine and Sciences (