True Islamic Evolution - Facts before, above, and beyond Darwin's Theory of Evolution - 3

The True Facts of Evolution                      

But Allah also states the true fact of evolution, in terms of ‘Embryological Evolution’ in the wonderful Qur’anic description in beautiful plain Arabic language:

(And indeed We created man (Adam) out of quintessence of clay (water and earth).  Then We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male sperms and female sexual ova discharge - placed) in a safe place of rest (firmly fixed to the womb of the woman).  Then We made the Nutfah into Alaqah (a hanging leech-like clot), then We made Alaqah into a little lump of flesh (foetus), then We made out of the little lump of flesh, bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We developed out of it another creation. So blessed is Allah, the Best to create!  After that, surely, you will die. Then (again) surely, on the Day of Judgment, you will be raised up).                                      Verse 23:12-16 of Surat Al-Muminun (The Believers)

 

The similarity between some embryological stages of the animals is not evidence (as Haeckel said) for the evolution of the adults of these animals from each others.

Furthermore, Islam confirms another true fact of ‘Evolution of Human Age’ from birth to death, passing through the stages of intra-uterine foetus, to newly-born baby, to child, to adult, to elderly:

 

(O mankind! If you are in doubt about the resurrection, then verily, We have created you (Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male sperms and female sexual ova discharge i.e. the offspring of Adam), then from Alaqah (leech-like clot) then from Mudghah (morsel or a little morsel lump of flesh) – some formed and some unformed (as in the case of miscarriage) – in order that We may manifest (Our Power and Ability to do what We will) to you. And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out as babes, then (foster you) that you may reach your age of full strength. And some of you are called to die, and some are sent back to the feeblest old age, so that they know nothing after having known (much).  And (further) you see the earth barren (lifeless), but when We pour down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), and it swells and put forth every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs)).                                    Verse 22:5 of Surat Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage)

 

Islam also, states the ‘Transition of Human Life between Four Places’: from foetal stage in the uterus, to his life in this world, to the life in the grave (burzukh, from the time of his death till the Day of Judgement), and finally to the eternal life hereafter (either in Paradise or in Hell).  And in this, there is a proof the spirit or soul, once created, it will never perish; thus Allah says:

 

(It is Allah Who has created you, then provided you with sustenance (in this worldly life), then He will cause you to die; then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is there any of your (false) partners (of Allah) who can do any single one of these things? Glory to Him! And High is He above all the partners they associate (with Him)).    

                                                                                         Verse 30:40 of Surat Ar-Rum (The Romans)

                                                                                                                                                     

Moreover, Islam refers to ‘Reversed Evolution’, opposite to Darwin’s theory of evolution from the small to the large; it states that Adam was very tall in stature and height when he was created. Thereafter the stature and height of children of Adam (Mankind) continued to reduce gradually until they reached our current stature and height (without change in shape or figure):   On the authority of Ubai bin Ka’ab, that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Allah had created Adam a tall man, with thick hair in the head, as if he is a sahooq date-palm (sahooq, meaning tall date-palm); when he tested the (forbidden fruit of) tree, his dress fell down, and his Awra (genital area) was shown first, and when he looked down at his exposed Awra, he was moving in agony, and a tree trapped his hair, but he pulled through, then Most Gracious (God) calls him: O Adam, are you running away from Me? When he heard the voice of Most Gracious (God), he said: O Lord, No but out of shyness”.  

                         Narrated by Ibn Abi Hatam 1/129, and Ibn Kathir in his interpretation of Qur’an

This means that with every following century, the stature and height of the human beings were shorter than the century before (the preceding century), until the stature reached the current height and stabilised at that level. Perhaps, the giant stature of earlier mankind (children of Adam) has a wisdom at that time: in order to proportionate with the height of the giant dinosaur animals of that time (which are now extinct together with the extinction of earliest giant generations of Adam).   

It is narrated by Abu Huraira that the Prophet (peace be upon him):

Allah created Adam, making him 60 cubits tall. When he created him, He said to him: ‘Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting of your offspring. So Adam said (to the angels):  ‘As-Salamu Alaikum’ (i.e. Peace be upon you).  The angels said: ‘As-Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatu-l-lahi’. Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature, since Adam’s creation”. 

                                                    Sahih Al-Bukhari,  Hadith no. 543 under the Book of The Prophets

 

Squaring the Circle: Adapting Evolution to comply with Islam!

Islam is the eternal Truth in the purest form.  Attempts of the apologetics to make evolution theory compliant with Islam and vice versa are futile.  When a theory becomes an established scientific fact, then Islam accommodate such facts without contradiction.  But the Neo-Darwinists had manipulated evidence to support their biased conclusion, and had converted a theory (already in crisis) into a pseudo-science.

Those who attempted to make Islam compliant with Darwin’s Theory of Evolution relied on the misinterpretation of the following Qur’anic verses:

 

(Seeing that He has created you in diverse stages?)       Verse 71:14 of Surat Nuh (Noah)

According to Ibn Kathir interpretation of this verse of Qur’an, he said: (it is stated: It means from Nutfah, then Alaqah and then Mudghah, as stated by Scholars: Ibn Abbas, Ikrimah, Qitadah, Yahya bin Rafi’, al-Saddi, and Ibn Zaid)   See also Verses 23:12-14  and  Verse 22:5 .

 

As for Allah’s saying:

(Allah has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, and some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things).      Verse 24:45 of Surat An-Nur (The Light)

 

There is nothing in this Verse to suggest that the animals were evolving from one primordial primitive organism, far from it: it appears that animals were created directly from water, independently from each other. Furthermore, this wonderful Qur’anic verse reveals that water is the origin of life, with a beautiful simplified classification of animals.  Verses like this, were always a source of inspiration for Muslim Scientists of Biology (See Below).    

As for the Verse of metamorphosis as a punishment for some of the children of Israel and witnessed by others among the Children of Israel:

(And well you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday), We said to them: “Be you apes, despised and rejected”.

                                                                                           Verse 2:65 of Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

 

(Say: ‘Shall I point out to you something much worse than this, (as judged) By the treatment it received from Allah? Those who incurred the curse of Allah and His wrath, those of whom (some) He transformed into apes, and swine.  Those who worshipped Evil (Taghut): These are (many times) worse in rank, far more astray from the even Path!).

                                                             Verse 5:60 of Surat AlMa’idah (The Table Spread with Food)

 

These Verses don’t help evolutionists either, because Man was already present before and after the metamorphosis; in addition to the fact that there was No offspring from the metamorphosed subjects. Indeed, we were told what the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said in response to someone asking him whether the Monkeys and the swine, were the offspring of those who had suffered the metamorphosis.

Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Verily, Allah did not cause the race of those who suffered metamorphosis, to grow or to be succeeded. Monkeys and swine had been in existence even before (the metamorphosis of the human beings).  

This is a true ‘Sahih’ Hadith, narrated by Abdullah bin Mas’oud, in Sahih Muslim under ‘Book of Fate’ section; it is also mentioned by Ibn Kathir in his interpretation of Qur’an  

(Retrieved from the 'Introduction to Paradise Dictionary' by Prof Dr M Al-Fallouji, Chapter 3: Racism between two Languages - A Critical Review)